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Progress in Medical Sciences ISSN: 2577 - 2996
Progress in Medical Sciences. 2022; 6(1):(76-83)


Cardiovascular Urgencies and Emergencies in Pregnancy: A Case Based Review of Some Common Problems

Timothy E Paterick* and Venay Mehta

Abstract
This manuscript explores clinical presentation and physical examination findings in pregnant patients with potential heart disease. These patients were seen in cardiac consultation by the authors. This manuscript allows the cardiology readership to be introduced to the complexity of pregnancy and cardiovascular disease. We review the clinical presentation, physical examination, and multimodality imaging that established a diagnosis in pregnant patients with coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, arrhythmias, valvular heart disease, and pulmonary hypertension. The cases represent a subset of cardiovascular conditions affecting pregnant patients. For a comprehensive review, the readership is directed to the 2018 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines for the management of cardiovascular disease during pregnancy.