Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment of Absence Seizures: Case Study
Progress in Medical Sciences. 2021;
Clinically shown to have an effect on motor and cognitive disturbances of the nerve cells of the brain,
absence seizures are often associated with impaired or loss of consciousness. Seizures are caused by a
variety of etiopathophysiological events that result in neurobiological changes in the central nervous
system's reticulothalamocortical circuitry zones. This allows for absence seizure episodes to occur.
A 24-year-old adult patient with diminished consciousness presented to the hospital with an absence
seizure. The patient's brain magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a small focal flair hypertensive
area near the cavernous sinus in the right parasellar region, as well as moderate flair hypersensitivity in
the left cavernous sinuses, right maxillary, and ethmoid sinusitis. Regular waves with electrode objects
were seen on the electroencephalogram of the brain. The patient was diagnosed with absence seizures
and was given epival 500 mg twice daily to treat them. The patient was able to recover from his seizure
and was given treatment before being released. Once every eight week, he was summoned for a checkup.