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Progress in Medical Sciences ISSN: 2577 - 2996

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Progress in Medical Sciences. 2021; 5(1):(52-113)

Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment of Absence Seizures: Case Study

Asif Bilal

Clinically shown to have an effect on motor and cognitive disturbances of the nerve cells of the brain, absence seizures are often associated with impaired or loss of consciousness. Seizures are caused by a variety of etiopathophysiological events that result in neurobiological changes in the central nervous system's reticulothalamocortical circuitry zones. This allows for absence seizure episodes to occur. A 24-year-old adult patient with diminished consciousness presented to the hospital with an absence seizure. The patient's brain magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a small focal flair hypertensive area near the cavernous sinus in the right parasellar region, as well as moderate flair hypersensitivity in the left cavernous sinuses, right maxillary, and ethmoid sinusitis. Regular waves with electrode objects were seen on the electroencephalogram of the brain. The patient was diagnosed with absence seizures and was given epival 500 mg twice daily to treat them. The patient was able to recover from his seizure and was given treatment before being released. Once every eight week, he was summoned for a checkup.